Day #198: Ad Gentes 4

We continue our look at the doctrinal principles behind our missionary mandate in the Decree on the Mission Activity of the Church.

Following the talk of the Father (article 2) and the Son (article 3), today’s reading of article 4 looks at the Holy Spirit. It is only through the gift of the Spirit that the Church is able to carry out Her mission.

Here are the Scripture citations:

cf. John 14:16

And the footnotes:

5. It is the Spirit who has spoken through the Prophets; Creed of Constantinople (Denzinger-Shoenmetzer, 150); St. Leo the Great, Sermon 76 (PL 54, 405-406). “When on the day of Pentecost the Holy Spirit filled the disciples of the Lord, it was not so much the beginning of a gift as it was the completion of one already bountifully possessed: because the patriarchs, the prophets, the priests and all the holy men who preceded them were already quickened by the life of the same Spirit. . . although they did not possess his gifts to the same degree.” Also Sermon 77, 1, (PL 54 412)- Leo XIII, encyclical, “Divinum Illud” (AAS 1897, 650-651). Also St. John Chrysostom, where he insists on the newness of the Holy Spirit’s mission on Pentecost; “On Eph.” c. 4, Homily 10, 1 (PG 62, 75).

6. The Holy Fathers often speak of Babel and Pentecost; Origen, “On Genesis,” c. 1 (PG 12, 112); St. Gregory Naz., Oration 41, 16 (PG 36, 449); St. John Chrysostom, Homily 2 on Pentecost, 2 (PG 50, 467); “On the Acts of the Apostles” (PG, 44); St. Augustine, “Narration on Psalm 54,” 11 (PL 36, 636; CChr 39, 664 ff.); Sermon 271 (PL 38, 1245); St. Cyril of Alexandria, Glaphyra on Genesis II (PG 69, 79); St. Gregory the Great, “Homily on the Gospels,” Book 2, Homily 30, 4 (PL 76, 1222); St. Bede, “On Hexaeum,” Book 3 (PL 91, 125). See above all the images in St. Mark’s basilica in Venice.

The Church speaks all languages, and thus gathers all in the catholicity of the faith: St. Augustine, Sermons 267, 268, 269 (PL 38, 1225,1237)- Sermon 175, 3 (PL 38 946); St. John Chrysostom, “On the First Epistle to the Corinthians,” Homily 35 (PG 61, 296); St. Cyril of Alexandria, fragment on the Acts (PG 74, 758); St. Fulgentius, Sermon 8, 2-3 (PL 65, 743-744).

Concerning Pentecost as the consecration of the Apostles to their mission, cf. J.A. Cramer, “Catena on the Acts of the Apostles,” Oxford, 1838, p. 24 ff.

7. Cf. Luke 3:22; 4:1; Acts 10:38.

8. Cf. John c. 14-17; Paul VI, allocution during the council, Sept. 14, 1964 (AAS 1964, 807).

9. Cf. Dogmatic constitution “Lumen Gentium,” 4.

10. St. Augustine, Sermo 267, 4 (PL 38, 1231): “The Holy Spirit does in the whole Church what the soul does in all the members of one body.” Cf. Const. Dogm. Lumen Gentium, 7 (together with note 8).

11. Cf. Acts 10:44-47; 11:15; 15:8.

12. Cf. Acts 4:8; 5:32; 8:26, 29, 39; 9:31; 10; 11:24-28; 13:2, 4, 9; 16:6-7; 20:22-23; 21:11; etc.

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