Day #195: Dignitatis Humanae 15

Today we conculde our reading from the Declaration on Religious Freedom, the final of the Council’s three declarations

Article 15 closes the document with a snapshot of the current situation in the world today: a situation where religious freedom is more widely recognized in the constitutions of many nations (which is good) while at the same time having nations that acknowledge freedom of worship on paper, but in practice make it more difficult for people to be religious (which is bad).

Here is the document’s closing Scripture citation:

Rom. 8:21

And the last footnote:

38. Cf. John XXIII, encycl. “Pacem in Terris“, April 11, 1963:AAS 55 (1963) pp. 295-296.

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Day #194: Dignitatis Humanae 14

Today we continue on in the Declaration on Religious Freedom.

Lest anyone misunderstand religious freedom as implying that the Church endorses a “live and let live” philosophy, article 14 underscores the “grave obligation” of preaching the Gospel to all nations.  Respecting religious freedom does not necessitate shelving the mandate to evangelize.

Here are the Scripture references:

Matt. 28:19-20

2 Thess. 3:1

1 Tim. 2:1-4

2 Cor. 6:6-7

And the footnotes:

35. Cf. Pius XII, radio message, March 23, 1952: AAS 44 (1952) pp. 270-278.

36. Cf. Acts 4:29.

37. Cf. John XXIII, encycl. “Pacem in Terris“, April 11, 1963:AAS 55 (1963), pp. 299-300.

Day #193: Dignitatis Humanae 12-13

Today we continue on in the Declaration on Religious Freedom.

Following yesterday’s elaboration on the example of Jesus and the Apostles, article 12 follows that same thread as picked up by the Church from the time of the Apostles on down through today.

In article 13, we find the Church asserting for Herself that religious freedom that has been spelled out throughout the rest of the document.

Here are the footnotes:

31. Cf. Leo XIII, letter “Officio Sanctissimo“, Dec. 22 1887: AAS 20 (1887), p. 269; idem, letter “Ex Litteris”, April 7 1887: AAS 19 (1886), p. 465.

32. Cf. Mark 16:15; Matt. 28:18-20, Pius XII, encycl. “Summi Pontificatus“, Oct. 20, 1939: AAS 31 (1939). pp. 445-446.

33. Cf. Pius XI, letter “Firmissiman Constantiam“, March 28, 1937: AAS 29 (1937), p. 196.

34. Cf. Pius XII, allocution, “Ci Riesce”, Dec. 6, 1953: AAS 45 (1953), p. 802.

Day #192: Dignitatis Humanae 11

Today we continue on in the Declaration on Religious Freedom.

Building on yesterday’s reading of articles 9 and 10, our passage for today is the grand summation of the Scriptural basis for the notion of religious freedom  – as evidenced by the copious amounts of Scripture references and footnotes.

Basically, Christ desires to “rouse faith in His hearers and to confirm them in faith, not to exert coercion upon them.”  This is how God works.  As the popular idiom of Catholic apologetics goes, God seeks to propose, not impose.  The apostles likewise followed this example.

Here are the Scripture citations:

Mark 16:16

Matt. 12:20

Matt. 22:21

1 Tim. 2:4

Romans 14:12

Acts 4:31

Romans 13:1-5

Acts 5:29

And lots of footnotes today (which are mostly all Scripture citations):

11. Cf. John 13:13.

12. Cf. Matt. 11:29.

13. Cf. Matt. 11:28-30; John 6:67-68.

14. Cf. Matt. 9:28-29; Mark 9:23-24; 6:5-6; Paul VI, encycl. “Ecclesiam Suam“, Aug. 6, 1964: AAS 56 (1964), pp. 642-643.

15. Cf. Matt. 11:20-24; Rom. 12:19-20; 2 Thess. 1:8.

16. Cf. Matt. 13:30 and 40-42.

17. Cf. Matt. 4:8-10; John 6:15.

18. Cf. Is. 42:1-4.

19. Cf. John 18:37.

20. Cf. Matt. 26:51-53; John 18:36.

21. Cf. John 12:32.

22. Cf. 1 Cor. 2:3-5; 1 Thess. 2:3-5.

23. Cf. Rom. 14:1-23; 1 Cor. 8:9-13; 10:23-33.

24. Cf. Eph. 6:19-20.

25. Cf. Rom. 1:16.

26. Cf. 2 Cor. 10:4; 1 Thess. 5:8-9.

27. Cf. Eph. 6:11-17.

28. Cf. 2 Cor. 10:3-5.

29. Cf. 1 Pet. 2:13-17.

30. Cf. Acts 4: 19-20.

Day #191: Dignitatis Humanae 9-10

Today we continue on in the Declaration on Religious Freedom.

Though religious freedom as rooted in the dignity of the human person is something that can be known through reason, in articles 9 and 10 we take a look at how this teaching is also rooted in Revelation.  Thus is takes on a special significance and importance for us as Christians to abide by.

Here are the footnotes:

7. Cf. Lactantius “Divinarum Institutionum“, Book V, 19: CSEL 19, pp. 463-464, 465: PL 6, 614 and 616 (ch. 20); St. Ambrose, “Epistola ad Valentianum Imp.”, Letter 21: PL 16, 1005; St. Augustine, “Contra Litteras Petiliani“, Book II, ch. 83: CSEL 52 p. 112: PL 43, 315; cf. C. 23, q. 5, c. 33, (ed. Friedberg, col. 939); idem, Letter 23: PL 33, 98, idem, Letter 34: PL 33, 132; idem, Letter 35: PL 33, 135; St. Gregory the Great, “Epistola ad Virgilium et Theodorum Episcopos Massiliae Galliarum, Register of Letters I, 45: MGH Ep. 1, p. 72: PL 77, 510-511 (Book I, ep. 47); idem, “Epistola ad Johannem Episcopum Constantinopolitanum“, Register of Letters, III, 52: MGH Letter 1, p. 210: PL 77, 649 (Book III, Letter 53); cf. D. 45, c. 1 (ed. Friedberg, col 160); Council of Toledo IV, c. 57: Mansi 10, 633; cf. D. 45, c. 5 (ed. Friedberg, col. 161-162); Clement III: X., V, 6, 9: ed. Friedberg, col. 774; Innocent III, “Epistola ad Arelatensem Archiepiscopum“, X., III, 42, 3: Friedberg, col. 646.

8. Cf. CIC, c. 1351; Pius XII, allocution to prelate auditors and other officials and administrators of the tribune of the Holy Roman Rota, Oct. 6, 1946: AAS 38 (1946), p. 394; idem. Encycl Mystici Corporis“, June 29, 1943: AAS (1943) p. 243.

9. Cf. Eph. 1:5.

10. Cf. John 6:44.

Day #189: Dignitatis Humanae 6

Today we continue on in the Declaration on Religious Freedom.

In article 6, the Council speaks of how safeguarding religious freedom is everyone’s responsibility.  In particular, this passage focuses mostly on the role of the government in promoting such freedom.

Here are the footnotes:

4. Cf. John XXIII, encycl. “Mater et Magistra“, May 15, 1961: AAS 53 (1961), p. 417; idem, encycl. “Pacem in Terris”, April 11, 1963: AAS 55 (1963), p. 273.

5. Cf. John XXIII, encycl. “Pacem in Terris“, April 11, 1963: AAS 55 (1963), pp. 273-274; Pius XII, radio message, June 1 1941: AAS 33 (1941), p. 200.

6. Cf. Leo XIII, encycl. “Immortale Dei“, Nov. 1, 1885: AAS 18 (1885) p. 161.