Day #179: Gravissimum Educationis 11-12, Conclusion

Today we conclude the first of our conciliar declarations, the Declaration on Christian Education.

We close the document with a quick look at the importance of good teachers of the “sacred sciences” (i.e. theology) (article 11) and the importance of cooperation between schools (article 12).

We wrap things up in the conclusion with an exhortaion to students and teachers alike to take this great work of education seriously.

Here are the footnotes:

34. Cf. Pius XII’s apostolic constitution, Deus Scientiarum Dominus, May 24, 1931: A.A.S. 23 (1931) pp. 245-247.

35. Cf. Pius XII’s encyclical letter, Humani Generis Aug. 12, 1950 A.A.S. 42 (1950) pp. 568 ff. and 578; Paul VI’s encyclical letter, Ecclesiam Suam, part III Aug. 6, 1964; A.A.S. 56 (1964) pp. 637-659; Second Vatican Council’s Decree on Ecumenism: A.A.S. 57 (1965) pp. 90-107.

36. Cf. John XXIII’s encyclical letter, Pacem in Terris, April 11, 1963: A.A.S. 55 (1963) p. 284 and elsewhere.

Day #178: Gravissimum Educationis 10

Today we continue our look at the Declaration on Christian Education.

In article 10, we look at education at the university level.  The Church wants its universities to pursue good scholarship in all disciplines.  The Council also calls for a Catholic presence on the campus of even the non-Catholic universities.

Here are the footnotes:

31. Cf. Paul VI’s allocution to the International Thomistic Congress, Sept. 10, 1965: L’Osservatore Romano, Sept. 13-14, 1965.

32. Cf. Pius XII’s allocution to teachers and students of French Institutes of Higher Catholic Education, Sept. 21, 1950: Discourses and Radio Messages, 12, pp. 219-221; letters to the 22nd congress of Pax Romana, Aug. 12, 1952: Discourses and Radio Messages, 14, pp. 567-569; John XXIII’s allocution to the Federation of Catholic Universities, April 1, 1959: Discourses, Messages and Conversations, 1, Rome, 1960, pp. 226-229; Paul VI’s allocution to the Academic Senate of the Catholic University of Milan, April 5, 1964: Encyclicals and Discourses of Paul VI, 2, Rome, 1964, pp. 438-443.

33. Cf. Pius XII’s allocution to the academic senate and students of the University of Rome, June 15, 1952: Discourses and Radio Messages, 14, p. 208: “The direction of today’s society principally is placed in the mentality and hearts of the universities of today.”

Day #177: Gravissimum Educationis 9

Today we continue our look at the Declaration on Christian Education.

Article 9 continues the discussion of Catholic schools by looking at the great variety of types of Catholic schools, which extends beyond primary and secondary schools.

Here are the footnotes:

29. Cf. Paul VI’s allocution to the International Office of Catholic Education, Feb. 25, 1964: Encyclicals and Discourses of Paul VI, 2, Rome, 1964, p. 232.

30. Cf. Paul VI’s allocution to the Christian Association of Italian Workers, Oct. 6, 1963: Encyclicals and Discourses of Paul VI, 1, Rome, 1964, p. 229.

Day #176: Gravissimum Educationis 8

Today we continue our look at the Declaration on Christian Education.

Article 8 looks at the Catholic School.  It has some interesting things to say about the importance of properly equipping our Catholic school teachers for the task at hand.

Here are the footnotes:

25. Cf. Provincial Council of Westminster I, a. 1852: Collatio Lacensis III, col. 1334, a/b; Pius XI’s encyclical letter, Divini Illius Magistri, 1, p. 77 ff.; Pius XII’s allocution to the Bavarian Association of Catholic Teachers, Dec. 31, 1956: Discourses and Radio Messages, vol. 18, p. 746; Paul VI’s allocution to the members of Federated Institutes Dependent on Ecclesiastic Authority, Dec. 30, 1963: Encyclicals and Discourses of Paul VI, 1, Rome, 1964, 602 ff.

26. Cf. especially the document mentioned in the first note; moreover this law of the Church is proclaimed by many provincial councils and in the most recent declarations of very many of the episcopal conferences.

27. Cf. Pius XI’s encyclical letter, Divini Illius Magistri, 1 p. 80 ff.; Pius XII’s allocution to the Catholic Association of Italian Teachers in Secondary Schools, Jan. 5, 1954: Discourses and Radio Messages, 15, pp. 551-55B; John XXIII’s allocution to the 6th Congress of the Associations of Catholic Italian Teachers Sept. 5, 1959: Discourses, Messages, Conversations, 1, Rome,1960, pp. 427-431.

28. Cf. Pius XII’s allocution to the Catholic Association of Italian Teachers in Secondary Schools, Jan. 5, 1954, 1, p. 555.

Day #175: Gravissimum Educationis 6-7

Today we continue our look at the Declaration on Christian Education.

Today we look at the rights of parents in choosing a school for their children (article 6) and the moral dimension to education (article 7).

Here are the footnotes:

20. Cf. Provincial Council of Cincinnati III, a. 1861: Collatio Lacensis, III, col. 1240, c/d; Pius XI’s encyclical letter, Divini Illius Magistri, 1, pp. 60, 63 ff.

21. Cf. Pius XI’s encyclical letter, Divini Illius Magistri, 1, p. 63; encyclical letter, Non Abbiamo Bisogno, June 29, 1931: A.A.S. 23 (1931) p. 305, Pius XII’s letter from the Secretary of State to the 28th Italian Social Week, Sept. 20, 1955: L’Osservatore Romano, Sept. 29, 1955. Paul VI’s allocution to the Association of Italian Christian Workers, Oct. 6, 1963: Encyclicals and Discourses of Paul VI, vol. 1, Rome, 1964, p. 230.

22. Cf. John XXIII’s message on the 30th anniversary of the encyclical letter, Divini Illius Magistri, Dec. 30, 1959: A.A.S. 52 (1960) p. 57.

23. The Church considers it as apostolic action of great worth also when Catholic teachers and associates work in these schools. Cf. Second Vatican Council’s schema of the Decree on the Lay Apostolate (1965), nos. 12 and 16.

24. Cf. Second Vatican Council’s schema on the Declaration on Religious Liberty (1965), no. 5.

Day #174: Gravissimum Educationis 4-5

Today we continue our look at the Declaration on Christian Education.

Article 4 acknowledges the great importance of catechesis and the Church’s role in that.  Artilce 5 looks at schools.

Here are the footnotes:

16. Cf. Pius XI’s motu proprio. Orbem Catholicum, June 29 1923: A.A.S. 15 (1923) pp. 327-329; decree, Provide Sane, Jan. 12, 1935: A.A.S. 27 (1935) pp. 145-152. Second Vatican Council’s Decree on Bishops and Pastoral Duties, nos. 13 and 14.

17. Cf. Second Vatican Council’s Constitution on the Sacred Liturgy, no. 14: A.A.S. 56 (1964) p. 104.

18. Cf. Second Vatican Council’s Decree on Communications Media, nos. 13 and 14: A.A.S. 56 (1964) p. 149 ff.

19. Cf. Pius XI’s encyclical letter, Divini Illius Magistri, 1, p. 76; Pius XII’s allocution to Bavarian Association of Catholic Teachers, Dec. 31, 1956: Discourses and Radio Messages, vol. 18, p. 746.

Day #173: Gravissimum Educationis 3

Today we continue our look at the Declaration on Christian Education.

Article 3 importantly points out that parents are “the primary and principal educators” of their children.  Civil society and the Church still play important roles, too.

Here are the footnotes:

11. Cf. Pius XI’s encyclical letter Divini Illius Magistri, 1, p. 59 ff., encyclical letter Mit Brennender Sorge, March 14, 1937: A.A.S. 29; Pius XII’s allocution to the first national congress of the Italian Catholic Teachers’ Association, Sept. 8, 1946: Discourses and Radio Messages, vol. 8, p. 218.

12. Cf. Second Vatican Council’s Dogmatic Constitution on the Church, nos. 11 and 35: A.A.S. 57 (1965) pp. 16, 40 ff.

13. Cf. Pius XI’s encyclical letter Divini Illius Magistri, 1, p. 63 ff. Pius XII’s radio message of June 1, 1941: A.A.S. 33 (1941) p. 200; allocution to the first national congress of the Association of Italian Catholic Teachers, Sept 8, 1946: Discourses and Radio Messages, vol. 8, 1946: Discourses and Radio Messages, vol. 8 p. 218. Regarding the principle of subsidiarity, cf. John XXIII’s encyclical letter, Pacem in Terris, April 11, 1963: A.A.S. 55 (1963) p. 294.

14. Cf. Pius XI’s encyclical letter, Divini Illius Magistri, 1 pp. 53 ff. and 56 ff.; Encyclical letter, Non Abbiamo Bisogno June 29, 1931: A.A.S. 23 (1931) p. 311 ff. Pius XII’s letter from Secretariat of State to 28th Italian Social Week, Sept. 20, 1955; L’Osservatore Romano, Sept. 29, 1955.

15. The Church praises those local, national and international civic authorities who, conscious of the urgent necessity in these times, expend all their energy so that all peoples may benefit from more education and human culture. Cf. Paul VI’s allocution to the United Nations General Assembly, Oct. 4, 1965: L’Osservatore Romano, Oct. 6, 1965.