Day #356: Orientalium Ecclesiarum 30

Today we complete our reading from the Decree on the Catholic Churches of the Eastern Rite with the Conclusion.

The document concludes with a final exhortation for mutual love and unity between the East and West.  Further, the document states that the rules contained therein are only to be used until this desired unity is realized.

Here is the Scripture citation:

Rom.12:10

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Day #355: Orientalium Ecclesiarum 27-29

Today in the Decree on the Catholic Churches of the Eastern Rite, we conclude the final chapter on “Relations with the Brethren of the Separated Churches.”

This section speaks of the common “participation in things sacred.  Article 27 opens the door for separated Eastern Christians to receive the sacraments in certain circumstances and also for Catholics to receive the sacraments in Eastern Churches with valid sacraments (again, under certain circumstances).

Here are the footnotes:

(33) Fundamentum mitigationisconsideratur: 1) validitas sacramentorum; 2) bona fides et dispositio; 3) necessitas salutis aeternae; 4) absentia sacerdotis proprii; 5) exclusio periculorum vitandorum et formalis adhaesionis errori.

(34) Agitur de s. d. communicatione in sacris extrasacramentali, Concilium est quod mitigationem concedit, servatis servandis.

Day #354: Orientalium Ecclesiarum 24-26

Today in the Decree on the Catholic Churches of the Eastern Rite, we begin the final chapter on “Relations with the Brethren of the Separated Churches.”

Article 24 introduces the section by acknowledging the “special duty” of Eastern rite Catholics to promote Christian unity due to their closeness with the Eastern Christians who are separated from communion with the Holy See.

In article 25, the Council Fathers emphasize the ease with which a separated Eastern Christian can be welcomed into full communion.

Article 26 speaks of the “common worship” with separated Eastern Christians and in what manner it could take place.

Here are the footnotes:

(29) Ex tenore Bullarum unionis singularum Ecclesiarum orientalium catholicarum.

(30) Obligatio synodalis quoad fratres seiunctos orientales et quoad omnes Ordines cuiuscumque gradus tum iuris divini tum ecclesiastici.

(31) Haec doctrina valet etiam in Ecclesiis seiunctis.

(32) S. Basilius M., Epistula canonica ad Amphilochium, PG. 32, 669 B.

Day #353: Orientalium Ecclesiarum 19-23

Today in the Decree on the Catholic Churches of the Eastern Rite, we move from our look at the sacraments to the fifth chapter on “Divine Worship.”

In this chapter, the Council Fathers cover feast days (article 19), the date for the celebration of Easter (article 20), the participation in the liturgy of other rites for those who live in a territory outside their own rite (article 21), the Liturgy of the Hours (article 22), and the language of the liturgy (article 23).

Here are the footnotes:

(24) Cfr. S. Leo M., Litt. Quod saepissime, 15 apr. 454: Petitionem autem; S. Nicephorus CP., cap. 13; Syn. Sergii Patriarchae 18 sept. 1596; can. 17; Pius VI Litt. Ap. Assueto paterne, 8 apr. 1775; etc.

(25) Cfr. Syn. Vaticana II Const. De Sacra Liturgia, 4 dec. 1963.

(26) Cfr. Clemens VIII, Instr. Sanctissimus, 31 aug. 1595, 6: Si ipsi graeci; S.C.S. Officii, 7 iun. 1673, ad 1 et 3; 13 mart. 1727, ad 1; S.C. de Prop. Fide, Decret. 18 aug. 1913, art. 33; Decret. 14 aug. 1914, art. 27; Decret. 27 mart. 1916, art. 14; S.C. pro Eccl. Orient., Decret. 1 mart. 1929, art. 36; Decret. 4 maii 1930 art. 41.

(27) Cfr. Syn. Laodicen., 347/381, can. 18; Syn. Mar Issaci Chaldaeorum, an. 410, can. 15; S. Nerses Glaien. Armenorum, an. 1166; Innocentius IV Ep. Sub catholicae, 6 mart. 1254, 8; Benedictus XIV, Const. Etsi pastoralis 26 maii 1742, 7, n. 5; Inst. Eo quamvis tempore, 4 maii 1745 42 ss.; et Synodi particulares recentiores:Armenorum (1911) Coptorum (1898), Maronitarurn (1736), Rumenorum (1872), Ruthenorum (1891), Syrorum (1888).

(28) Ex traditione orientali.

Day #352: Orientalium Ecclesiarum 16-18

Today in the Decree on the Catholic Churches of the Eastern Rite, we conclude our look at “The Discipline of the Sacraments.”

in this portion, the Council Fathers discuss the Sacraments of Confession (article 16), Holy Orders (article 17), and marriage (article 18).  Article 17 calls for a restoration of the permanent diaconate.

Here are the footnotes:

(20) Salva territorialitate iurisdictionis, canon providere intendit, in bonum animarum, pluralitati iurisdictionis in eodem territorio.

(21) Cfr. Syn. Nicaena I, can. 18; Syn. Neocaesarien., an. 314/ 325, can. 12; Syn. Sardicen., an. 343, can. 8; S. Leo M., Litt. Omnium quidem, 13 ian. 444; Syn. Chalcedonen., can. 6; Syn. Constantinopolitana IV, can. 23, 26; etc.

(22) Subdiaconatus consideratur apud Ecclesias Orientales plures Ordo minor, sed Motu proprio Pii XII, Cleri sanctitati, ei praescribuntur obligationes Ordinum maiorum. Canon proponit ut redeatur ad disciplinam antiquam singularum Ecclesiarum quoad obligationes subdiaconorum, in derogationem iuris communis Cleri sanctitati.

(23) Cfr. Pius XII, Motu proprio Crebrae allatae, 22 febr. 1949, can. 32, 2, n. 5 (facultas patriarcharum dispensandi a forma); Pius XII, Motu proprio Cleri sanctitati, 2 iun. 1957, can. 267 (facultas patriarcharum sanandi in radice); S.C.S. Offici et S.C. pro Eccl. Orient., an. 1957 concedunt facultatem dispensandi a forma et sanandi ob defectum formae (ad quinquennium): extra patriarchatus, Metropolitis, ceterisque Ordinariis locorum… qui nullum habent Superiorem infra Sanctam Sedem.

Day #351: Orientalium Ecclesiarum 12-15

Today in the Decree on the Catholic Churches of the Eastern Rite, we begin the fourth chapter on “The Discipline of the Sacraments.”

In article 12, the Council “confirms and approves” the ancient Eastern ways of celebrating the sacraments.

Articles 13 and 14 importantly state that priests can validly celebrate the Sacrament of Confirmation, as is more common in the East.  And a priest of either rite can validly Confirm the laity of either rite (though they need to follow the rules in place to do so licitly).

Article 15 states that we can fulfill our Sunday obligation any time between the celbration of Vespers the evening before through the end of the day.  Catholics are also encouraged to receive the Eucharist frequently.

Here are the footnotes:

(14) Cfr. Innocentius IV, Ep Sub catholicae, 6 mart. 1264; 3, n. 4; Syn. Lugdunensis II, an. 1274 (professio fidei Michaelis Palaeologi Gregorio X oblata); Eugenius IV, in Syn. Florentina, Const. Exsultate Deo, 22 nov. 1439, 11; Clemens VIII, Instr. Sanctissimus, 31 aug. 1595; Benedictus XIV. Const. Etsi pastoralis, 26 maii 1742, II, n. 1, III, n. 1, etc.; Synodus Laodicena, an. 347/381, can. 48; Syn. Sisen. Armenorum, an. 1342; Synodus Libanen. Maronitarum, an. 1736, P. II, Cap. III n. 2, et aliae Synodi particulares.

(15) Cfr. S.C.S. Officii, Instr. (ad Ep. Scepusien.), an. 1783; S.C. de Prop. Fide (pro Coptis), 15 mart. 1790, n. XIII; Decr. 6 oct. 1863, C, a; S.C. pro Eccl. Orient. 1 maii 1948; S.C.S. Officii, resp. 22 apr. 1896 cum litt. 19 maii 1896.

(16) CIC, can. 782, 4; S.C. pra Eccl. Orient., Decretum . de Sacramento Confirmationis administrando etiam fidelibus orientalibus a presbyteris latini ritus, qui hoc indulto gaudeant pro fidelibus sui ritus, 1 maii 1948.

(17) Cfr. Syn. Laodicen., an. 347/381, can. 29; S. Nicephorus CP., cap. 14; Syn. Duinen. Armenorum, an. 719, can. 31; S. Theodorus Studita, sermo 21; S. Nicolaus I, Litt. Ad consulta vestra, 13 nov. 866: In quorum Apostolorum; Nos cupitis; Quod interrogatis; Praeterea consulitis; Si die Dominico; et Synodi particulares.

(18) Novum quid, saltem ubi viget obligatio audiendi S. Liturgiam; ceterum cohaeret diei liturgicae apud Orientales.

(19) Cfr. Canones Apostolorum, 8 et 9; Syn. Antiochena, an. 341, can. 2; Timotheus Alexandrinus, interrogat. 3; Innocentius III, Const. Quia divinae, 4 ian. 1215; et plurimae Synodi particulares Ecclesiarum Orientalium recentiores.

Day #350: Orientalium Ecclesiarum 9-11

Today in the Decree on the Catholic Churches of the Eastern Rite, we finish the third chapter on “Eastern Rite Patriarchs.”

In this section, the Council Fathers speak again of the honor to be bestowed on the patriarchs and how “their rights and privileges should be re-established in accordance with the ancient tradition of each of the Churches and the decrees of the ecumenical councils.”  In other words, they have authority in their rite.

The Council Fathers further apply all of this to major archbishops who are the leaders of their own rite but are not considered patriarchs (article 10).  Further, they open the possibility of erecting new patriarchates as the need arises (article 11).

Here are the footnotes:

(11) Cfr. supra, nota 8.

(12) Cfr. Synodum Ephesinam, can. 8; Clemens VII, Decet Romanum Pontificem, 23 febr. 1596; Pius VII, Litt. Ap. In universalis Ecclesiae, 22 febr. 1807; Pius XII Motu proprio Cleri sanctitati, 2 iun. 1957, can. 324-327; Syn. Carthaginen., an. 419, can. 17.

(13) Syn. Carthaginen., an. 419, can. 17 et 57; Chalcedonensis, an. 451, can. 12; S. Innocentius I, Litt. Et onus et honor, a. c. 415: Nam quid sciscitaris; S. Nicolaus I, Litt. Ad consulta vestra, 13 nov. 866: A quo autem; Innocentius III, Litt. Rex regum, 25 feb 1204; Leo XII, Const. Ap. Petrus Apostolorum Princeps, 15 aug 1824; Leo XIII, Litt. Ap. Christi Domini, an. 1895; Pius XII, Motu proprio Cleri sanctitati, 2 iun 1957, can. 159.