Day #358: Inter Mirifica 3-4

In today’s reading from the Decree on the Media of Social Communications, we begin Chapter I: “On the Teaching of the Church.”

In light of Jesus’ mandate to preach the Gospel, the Church has a right to use all forms of media towards that end (article 3).

Those who use these media must be properly trained in morality.  Further, each form of media must be evaluated in terms of how it works (article 4).

No footnotes.


Day #357: Inter Mirifica 1-2

Today we begin the final document of our one-year reading plan: the Decree on the Media of Social Communications.  Though we are reading this document last, it was actually the second document promulgated (behind Sacrosanctum Concilium).  These two documents were the only ones promulgated in the second year of the Council, which implies a quick consensus amongst the Council Fathers on this subject.

Though the means of social communications available now (50 years later) is substantially different than what was available back then, the general principles the Council Fathers lay down are remarkably timeless.

In the Introduction we read today, the Church recognizes the great increase in these new forms of social media which enable the communication of ideas to large masses of people.  The Council Fathers recognize that these tools can be used well in service of the Church and also used poorly.  Thus this document wants to answer the questions that arise in order that they may be used well.

No footnotes.

Day #356: Orientalium Ecclesiarum 30

Today we complete our reading from the Decree on the Catholic Churches of the Eastern Rite with the Conclusion.

The document concludes with a final exhortation for mutual love and unity between the East and West.  Further, the document states that the rules contained therein are only to be used until this desired unity is realized.

Here is the Scripture citation:


Day #355: Orientalium Ecclesiarum 27-29

Today in the Decree on the Catholic Churches of the Eastern Rite, we conclude the final chapter on “Relations with the Brethren of the Separated Churches.”

This section speaks of the common “participation in things sacred.  Article 27 opens the door for separated Eastern Christians to receive the sacraments in certain circumstances and also for Catholics to receive the sacraments in Eastern Churches with valid sacraments (again, under certain circumstances).

Here are the footnotes:

(33) Fundamentum mitigationisconsideratur: 1) validitas sacramentorum; 2) bona fides et dispositio; 3) necessitas salutis aeternae; 4) absentia sacerdotis proprii; 5) exclusio periculorum vitandorum et formalis adhaesionis errori.

(34) Agitur de s. d. communicatione in sacris extrasacramentali, Concilium est quod mitigationem concedit, servatis servandis.

Day #354: Orientalium Ecclesiarum 24-26

Today in the Decree on the Catholic Churches of the Eastern Rite, we begin the final chapter on “Relations with the Brethren of the Separated Churches.”

Article 24 introduces the section by acknowledging the “special duty” of Eastern rite Catholics to promote Christian unity due to their closeness with the Eastern Christians who are separated from communion with the Holy See.

In article 25, the Council Fathers emphasize the ease with which a separated Eastern Christian can be welcomed into full communion.

Article 26 speaks of the “common worship” with separated Eastern Christians and in what manner it could take place.

Here are the footnotes:

(29) Ex tenore Bullarum unionis singularum Ecclesiarum orientalium catholicarum.

(30) Obligatio synodalis quoad fratres seiunctos orientales et quoad omnes Ordines cuiuscumque gradus tum iuris divini tum ecclesiastici.

(31) Haec doctrina valet etiam in Ecclesiis seiunctis.

(32) S. Basilius M., Epistula canonica ad Amphilochium, PG. 32, 669 B.

Day #353: Orientalium Ecclesiarum 19-23

Today in the Decree on the Catholic Churches of the Eastern Rite, we move from our look at the sacraments to the fifth chapter on “Divine Worship.”

In this chapter, the Council Fathers cover feast days (article 19), the date for the celebration of Easter (article 20), the participation in the liturgy of other rites for those who live in a territory outside their own rite (article 21), the Liturgy of the Hours (article 22), and the language of the liturgy (article 23).

Here are the footnotes:

(24) Cfr. S. Leo M., Litt. Quod saepissime, 15 apr. 454: Petitionem autem; S. Nicephorus CP., cap. 13; Syn. Sergii Patriarchae 18 sept. 1596; can. 17; Pius VI Litt. Ap. Assueto paterne, 8 apr. 1775; etc.

(25) Cfr. Syn. Vaticana II Const. De Sacra Liturgia, 4 dec. 1963.

(26) Cfr. Clemens VIII, Instr. Sanctissimus, 31 aug. 1595, 6: Si ipsi graeci; S.C.S. Officii, 7 iun. 1673, ad 1 et 3; 13 mart. 1727, ad 1; S.C. de Prop. Fide, Decret. 18 aug. 1913, art. 33; Decret. 14 aug. 1914, art. 27; Decret. 27 mart. 1916, art. 14; S.C. pro Eccl. Orient., Decret. 1 mart. 1929, art. 36; Decret. 4 maii 1930 art. 41.

(27) Cfr. Syn. Laodicen., 347/381, can. 18; Syn. Mar Issaci Chaldaeorum, an. 410, can. 15; S. Nerses Glaien. Armenorum, an. 1166; Innocentius IV Ep. Sub catholicae, 6 mart. 1254, 8; Benedictus XIV, Const. Etsi pastoralis 26 maii 1742, 7, n. 5; Inst. Eo quamvis tempore, 4 maii 1745 42 ss.; et Synodi particulares recentiores:Armenorum (1911) Coptorum (1898), Maronitarurn (1736), Rumenorum (1872), Ruthenorum (1891), Syrorum (1888).

(28) Ex traditione orientali.

Day #352: Orientalium Ecclesiarum 16-18

Today in the Decree on the Catholic Churches of the Eastern Rite, we conclude our look at “The Discipline of the Sacraments.”

in this portion, the Council Fathers discuss the Sacraments of Confession (article 16), Holy Orders (article 17), and marriage (article 18).  Article 17 calls for a restoration of the permanent diaconate.

Here are the footnotes:

(20) Salva territorialitate iurisdictionis, canon providere intendit, in bonum animarum, pluralitati iurisdictionis in eodem territorio.

(21) Cfr. Syn. Nicaena I, can. 18; Syn. Neocaesarien., an. 314/ 325, can. 12; Syn. Sardicen., an. 343, can. 8; S. Leo M., Litt. Omnium quidem, 13 ian. 444; Syn. Chalcedonen., can. 6; Syn. Constantinopolitana IV, can. 23, 26; etc.

(22) Subdiaconatus consideratur apud Ecclesias Orientales plures Ordo minor, sed Motu proprio Pii XII, Cleri sanctitati, ei praescribuntur obligationes Ordinum maiorum. Canon proponit ut redeatur ad disciplinam antiquam singularum Ecclesiarum quoad obligationes subdiaconorum, in derogationem iuris communis Cleri sanctitati.

(23) Cfr. Pius XII, Motu proprio Crebrae allatae, 22 febr. 1949, can. 32, 2, n. 5 (facultas patriarcharum dispensandi a forma); Pius XII, Motu proprio Cleri sanctitati, 2 iun. 1957, can. 267 (facultas patriarcharum sanandi in radice); S.C.S. Offici et S.C. pro Eccl. Orient., an. 1957 concedunt facultatem dispensandi a forma et sanandi ob defectum formae (ad quinquennium): extra patriarchatus, Metropolitis, ceterisque Ordinariis locorum… qui nullum habent Superiorem infra Sanctam Sedem.